There are two basic types of cabinet boxes, FRAMED and FRAMELESS (also called Full-Access or European style).
Framed cabinets have a face frame added to the front of the cabinet box, and frameless, as you might have guessed, have no added face frame. Frameless cabinetry is most often found in Europe and framed cabinetry is more of an American standard. Within the FRAMED category are several options for the treatment of the cabinet doors.
Standard Overlay Cabinet Doors and Drawer Fronts
Full Overlay Cabinet Doors and Drawer Fronts
Inset Cabinet Doors and Drawer Fronts
Inset doors are set inside the face frame of the cabinet and are flush with the frame. Many older homes, which still have their original cabinets, will have inset doors. Today they are a popular choice for designing in a Shaker or Arts & Crafts style. It takes careful craftsmanship to create inset doors that fit well and can maintain that fit through seasonal temperature and humidity changes within the home.